Plastic Surgery Types: The Comprehensive Guide

Plastic Surgery Types: The Comprehensive Guide

Published On: October 30, 2023Last Updated: April 3, 2024By Categories: Plastic Surgery

“Plastic surgery encompasses various types, including cosmetic procedures for enhancing appearance, reconstructive surgeries for medical reasons (breast reconstruction, cleft lip repair), and minimally invasive treatments like Botox and fillers.”

Plastic surgery, derived from the Greek terminology “plastikos” meaning “to form” or “mold,” encompasses a range of procedures that modify specific areas of the body. These areas include the face, neck, breasts, stomach, arms, and legs.

While terms like “reconstructive plastic surgery” and “cosmetic surgery” might appear synonymous, they refer to distinct types of procedures with unique objectives.

This captivating blend of medical innovation and artistic transformation, has become a significant phenomenon in modern times. Offering a means to alter, enhance, or restore physical features, it has surged in popularity among individuals seeking to redefine their appearance.

From subtle refinements to body feminization surgery and comprehensive makeovers, plastic surgery’s impact spans from boosting self-confidence to sparking discussions about beauty standards and self-expression.

Basic Types of Plastic Surgery

There are two primary types of plastic surgery.

  • Reconstructive Plastic Surgery
  •  Cosmetic Surgery

1- Reconstructive Surgery

Reconstructive Surgery


Reconstructive surgery serves to repair defects resulting from trauma. It offers restoration of both function and a natural appearance.

Individuals in need of reconstructive surgery may include those with congenital disabilities, such as cleft lip and palate, burns, medical conditions like head and neck cancer, scars, and severe injuries involving significant skin damage.

2- Cosmetic surgery

Cosmetic surgery


It focuses on enhancing appearance for nonmedical reasons, addressing physical features that might cause self-consciousness. This category of procedures empowers individuals to move closer to their desired body image by altering aspects such as shape, size, and symmetry.

This branch of surgery delves into reshaping the body’s contours, reducing wrinkles, addressing hair loss, and even rectifying varicose veins. The scope of cosmetic procedures allows both men and women to embrace an image that aligns with their inner sense of self-assurance and comfort.

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The Closer Look at Cosmetic Plastic Surgery

The Closer Look At Cosmetic Plastic Surgery


While health insurance typically does not cover cosmetic procedures, the allure of cosmetic plastic surgery continues to captivate a growing number of individuals. These procedures empower people to sculpt their bodies according to their desires, instilling a newfound sense of confidence.

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, a staggering 16 million cosmetic surgeries are performed annually in the United States. The allure of these procedures extends to both genders, with women comprising 92% of recipients and an increasing number of men opting for these transformative interventions.

Cosmetic Surgery is the common type of plastic surgery among celebrities and certain big fishes. Some of the most sought-after cosmetic surgeries include:

  • Breast Augmentation: Enhancing the size and shape of breasts (augmentation mammoplasty).
  • Liposuction: Removing excess fat deposits to contour the body (lipoplasty).
  • Nose Reshaping: Altering the shape and structure of the nose (rhinoplasty).
  • Eyelid Surgery: Revitalizing the eyes by addressing sagging skin and wrinkles (blepharoplasty).
  • Tummy Tuck: Tightening abdominal muscles and removing excess skin (abdominoplasty).
  • Facelift: Rejuvenating the face by reducing signs of aging (rhytidectomy).

The Spectrum of Common Procedures

Cosmetic plastic surgery encompasses a diverse range of procedures, each designed to address specific aesthetic concerns. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, some of the most prevalent cosmetic procedures, both invasive and minimally-invasive, include:

Invasive Treatments:

S.No: Surgery Type Functions
1. Breast Augmentation/Enlargement (Augmentation mammoplasty) Increasing breast size with or without implants.
2.  Breast Lift (Mastopexy) Elevating and reshaping sagging breasts, with or without implants.
3.  Breast Implant Removal Removing breast implant
4. Buttock Lift Enhancing the contour of buttocks
5. Facial Reshaping  Altering the chin, cheek, or jawline through implants or soft tissue augmentation.
6.  Dermabrasion Exfoliating the skin’s top layer for smoother texture.
7. Eyelid Lift (blepharoplasty) Correcting drooping eyelids and rejuvenating the eyes.
8. Face Lift (rhytidectomy) Addressing signs of aging by tightening facial muscles and skin.
9. Hair Transplantation/ Replacement Addressing hair loss through transplantation.
10. Lip Augmentation Enhancing lip volume and shape.
11. Liposuction (Lipoplasty) Removing excess fat deposits to reshape the body.
12. Nose Reshaping (rhinoplasty) Altering nasal shape and structure.
13. Thigh Lift Enhancing the contours of thighs
14. Tummy Tuck (abdominoplasty) Tightening abdominal muscles and removing excess skin.
15. Upper Arm Lift (brachioplasty) Removing excess skin from upper arms.

Minimally Invasive Treatments:

S.No  Surgery Type Functions
1.  Botox Injection Used to smooth wrinkles on the face.
2. Cellulite Treatment Improves skin elasticity, reduces fat cells and

stimulates the production of collagen.

3. Chemical Peels Removes the top skin layer. Helps minimize wrinkles, dullness, hyperpigmentation
4.  Laser Skin Resurfacing Enhances skin tone and the production of new collagen in the treated areas

Expert Surgeons and Specialized Care

Expert Surgeons and Specialized Care


Plastic surgeons play a pivotal role in performing both plastic and reconstructive surgery. Cosmetic procedures may also be conducted by professionals from various fields like dermatology and otolaryngology.

The choice of healthcare provider is paramount, as specialized training and experience greatly contribute to successful outcomes. Opting for board-certified surgeons ensures a high standard of safety and quality practices.

Risks and Benefits of Plastic Surgery

Risks and Benefits of Plastic Surgery


As with any surgical procedure, plastic and reconstructive surgeries carry inherent risks. These complex interventions may impact sensitive structures near major organs or delicate tissues. Potential complications vary based on surgery type, health history, and lifestyle factors.

Risks range from abnormal scarring and infection to blood clots and slow-healing wounds. However, for most individuals, the benefits of enhanced appearance, improved self-esteem, and restored function outweigh the risks.

The Time of Recovery After Plastic Surgery

Recovery from plastic surgery demands careful attention to home-care instructions to minimize risks of complications. Recovery measures encompass rest, proper wound care, dietary considerations, elevation of surgical sites to reduce swelling, and adhering to activity limitations.

Depending on the procedure, recovery times vary from a few days to several weeks or even up to a year for more advanced interventions.

Read About: Dermatology vs Plastic Surgery: Everything You Need To Know

Exploring The 08 Procedures In Details

1- Liposuction

Liposuction is a procedure designed to eliminate excess fat from targeted areas, such as the thighs or abdomen, to create a more sculpted appearance. Variants of liposuction include:

  • Tumescent Liposuction: Involves injecting a numbing agent, vasodilator, and saline solution before suctioning fat using a cannula.
  • Ultrasonic-Assisted Liposuction (UAL): Uses ultrasonic energy to liquefy fat before suctioning, although it carries certain risks.

2- Breast Augmentation

Breast augmentation, involving the surgical enlargement of breasts, remains highly popular, with over 300,000 procedures performed annually in the United States.

This procedure is pursued for various reasons, including symmetry correction and the creation of fuller breasts. The choice of silicone implants has gained popularity in recent times.

3- Blepharoplasty



Blepharoplasty, or eyelid-reshaping surgery, is of two types:

  • Upper Blepharoplasty: Known as an eyelid lift, it addresses sagging eyelids, enhancing both aesthetics and vision.
  • Lower Blepharoplasty: Involves removing fat pads causing under-eye “bags,” and tightening overlying skin.

4- Abdominoplasty

Abdominoplasty or a tummy tuck, eliminates excess abdominal skin and tightens remaining skin. This procedure is ideal for people with sagging skin post-pregnancy or substantial weight loss.

5- Reduction Mammaplasty

Reduction mammaplasty, or breast reduction surgery, not only caters to aesthetic goals but also alleviates issues related to large or heavy breasts. This procedure helps balance proportions and offers relief from chronic pain.

6- Rhinoplasty



Rhinoplasty reshapes the nose to enhance overall facial harmony. It can also address functional concerns, such as breathing difficulties resulting from a deviated septum.

7- Rhytidectomy



A rhytidectomy, or facelift, is a transformative solution to wrinkles and sagging skin associated with aging. By tightening facial skin, deep lines are smoothed, and drooping skin is reduced, resulting in a more youthful appearance.

8- Mastopexy

Mastopexy, commonly known as a breast lift, rejuvenates sagging or poorly shaped breasts, creating a more lifted and youthful appearance. It is often pursued after significant weight loss or pregnancy.

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About the Author: Lisa Rodgers

Lisa is a passionate writer and keen observer of the world of celebrity plastic surgery. With a sharp eye for detail and a passion for entertainment, She brings a unique perspective to their articles on celebrity transformations.

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