physical activity and sedentary behavior

Physical vs Sedentary Behavior: The Pros and Cons

Published On: April 10, 2023Last Updated: April 10, 2023By Categories: Health & Wellness

Physical activity and sedentary behavior are two distinct lifestyles that have different effects on health and well-being. While physical activity has been shown to have numerous benefits for overall health, prolonged sedentary behavior can have negative effects on the body. In this article, we’ll explore the pros and cons of physical activity and sedentary behavior and how they affect the body.

Physical Activity: The Pros

Physical Activity

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  1. Improves cardiovascular health – Regular physical activity can help to strengthen the heart and reduce the risk of heart disease. Exercise can help to lower blood pressure, reduce inflammation, and improve lipid profile, all of which are important markers for heart health.
  2. Helps to maintain a healthy weight: – Physical activity can help to burn calories and maintain a healthy weight. Regular exercise can also help to build muscle mass, which can improve metabolic rate and aid in weight loss.
  3. Boosts mood – Exercise has been shown to release endorphins, which are natural feel-good chemicals that can help to reduce stress and anxiety and improve mood.
  4. Improves sleep – Regular physical activity can help to improve sleep quality and duration, which is important for overall health and well-being.

Physical Activity: The Cons

  1. Risk of injury – Physical activity can increase the risk of injury, especially if proper form and technique are not used. Overexertion can also lead to exhaustion, dehydration, and other health problems.
  2. Time-consuming – Engaging in regular physical activity can be time-consuming, which can be a barrier for some people.
  3. Requires motivation and effort – Staying motivated to engage in physical activity can be a challenge for some people, which can make it difficult to maintain a regular exercise routine.

Sedentary Behavior: The Pros

Sedentary Behavior

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  1. Rest and recovery – Sedentary behavior can provide a break from physical activity and allow the body to recover and recharge.
  2. Time-efficient – Sedentary activities such as reading, listening to music or watching a movie can be a time-efficient way to relax and unwind.
  3. Easy on joints and muscles – Sedentary activities are generally low-impact and don’t place stress on the joints and muscles, making them a good option for individuals with joint or muscle pain.

Sedentary Behavior: The Cons

  1. Increases the risk of chronic disease – Prolonged sedentary behavior has been shown to increase the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
  2. Can lead to weight gain – Sedentary behavior can lead to weight gain and obesity, which can increase the risk of chronic diseases.
  3. Can lead to poor posture – Sedentary behavior, such as sitting for prolonged periods, can lead to poor posture, which can cause back and neck pain.

Regular physical activity that increases heart rate and gets the blood flowing helps to strengthen the heart and improve cardiovascular health. Regular exercise can also help to lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, and improve overall physical fitness.

In addition, regular physical activity can help to improve mood and reduce stress and anxiety. When you exercise, your body releases endorphins, which are natural feel-good chemicals that can help to reduce feelings of stress and depression.

It’s important to note that while physical activity is important for heart health, it’s also important to rest and allow the heart to recover after periods of exertion. Overexertion can lead to exhaustion, dehydration, and in some cases, injury. It’s important to listen to your body and take breaks as needed to avoid overexertion and keep the heart healthy and functioning properly.

If you prefer a sedentary lifestyle after work try and opt for a more physically demanding type of work and vice versa if you enjoy being physically active on your downtime after work a more sedentary role for work would suit your life style.

Physically Active Jobs

Physically Active Jobs

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Construction Workers – A study conducted on construction workers found that their average heart rate was 105 beats per minute (BPM) while performing tasks such as lifting heavy objects, hammering, and using power tools. However, their heart rate decreased to an average of 83 BPM during rest periods.

Farmers – Farmers perform physically demanding tasks such as lifting and carrying heavy loads, bending and stooping, and operating heavy machinery. A study found that farmers had an average heart rate of 98 BPM during work activities and 74 BPM during rest periods.

Warehouse Workers, interstate removalists and movers – Warehouse workers and removalists engage in physically demanding tasks such as loading and unloading heavy objects, operating machinery, and moving inventory. A study found that furniture movers had an average heart rate of 118 BPM during work activities and 70 BPM during rest periods.

Firefighters – Firefighters have physically demanding jobs that require them to carry heavy equipment, climb ladders, and work in high-stress environments. A study found that firefighters had an average heart rate of 146 BPM during firefighting activities and 85 BPM during rest periods.

It’s important to keep in mind that heart rates can vary based on individual factors such as fitness level, age, and health status. Additionally, the heart rates mentioned above are averages and may not apply to every individual in these industries. It’s important for individuals in physically demanding jobs to monitor their heart rate and take breaks when needed to avoid overexertion and the risk of injury.

Is it better to have a job where it pumps your heart rate or an office job for heart health?
Both types of jobs have their benefits for heart health, but it’s important to find a balance between physical activity and sedentary behavior.

A job that requires physical activity and increases heart rate can help to improve cardiovascular health, strengthen the heart and reduce the risk of heart disease. Regular physical activity has been shown to lower blood pressure, reduce inflammation, and improve lipid profile, all of which are important markers for heart health.

However, sedentary behavior, such as sitting for prolonged periods, has been shown to increase the risk of heart disease, even in individuals who engage in regular physical activity. Office jobs that require prolonged sitting can lead to reduced physical activity and increased sedentary behavior, which can have negative effects on heart health.

Therefore, it’s important to find a balance between physical activity and sedentary behavior in both types of jobs. Individuals with physically demanding jobs should take breaks as needed to avoid overexertion, while individuals with sedentary jobs should try to incorporate regular physical activity into their day, such as taking walking breaks or doing exercises at their desk.

Overall, finding a job that incorporates physical activity and movement can have significant benefits for heart health, but it’s important to maintain a balance between physical activity and rest to keep the heart healthy and functioning properly.

About the Author: Faizan

rehman@personalcaretruth.com'

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