The term “genomics” comes from the Greek meaning “character study.” Genomics is the study of DNA, including individual organisms or populations, as well as human disease or related traits. It’s also one of many fields in biology that uses DNA sequences to study the genetic makeup of an organism (e.g., how it grows).
So, what is a genomic service? To know that, you need to understand what the term actually means. Of the many benefits, is that it helps researchers understand how human genes work and how they influence people’s health — especially when they’re involved in diseases like cancer or diabetes.
In fact, some scientists think that understanding our genomes could help us treat these diseases more effectively than ever before.
Genomics / Clinical Genomics – A Brief Overview
Clinical genomics is the study of genetic variants and how they may be used to predict disease risk. The human genome is sequenced to create the reference human genome sequence, which can then be compared with patients’ genomes for differences. This allows clinicians to identify patterns associated with certain diseases or conditions, such as cancer or heart disease risk.
Clinical genomic data can also be used with traditional clinical information and patient history to provide more accurate diagnoses of rare diseases and conditions.
Genomics has been applied to the study of many different aspects of biology and medicine:
- Research into how genetic variation affects human health and disease
- Clinical trials for new drugs or procedures that may be more effective at treating specific diseases (for example, using genomic tests to identify people who are likely to respond better than others)
What is a Genome?
Every cell contains a genome, which is the entire genetic material of an organism. A genome consists of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), which contains the instructions for making proteins. The term “genome” was first used by James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins in 1953 when they published their discovery of DNA’s structure and structure alone.
A genome consists of all the genes that make up an organism’s genetic makeup. Genes are made up of nucleotides, composed of nitrogen-containing bases; these bases pair with each other to form strings or sequences that code for proteins if they’re present in cells.
The sequence itself can be broken down into smaller pieces called exons (one exon is one gene), introns (which contain noncoding DNA between genes), tRNAs (transfer RNAs), and spliceosomal RNA molecules that help assemble messenger RNA into functional proteins.
Why Do You Need Genomic Service?
Genomic research can have a significant impact on the world. It’s not just about finding new drugs but also discovering ways to prevent and treat disease. Genomic research has drug discovery, product development, and drug safety testing applications.
It can help find new drugs for diseases like cancer or Alzheimer’s by identifying genetic markers that indicate how a patient’s body will respond to certain treatments.
This information could make developing new treatments tailored to each patient’s needs easier.
Hope that you have understood what is a genomic service. You should also know that genome sequencing companies provide genomic solutions.
Researchers and healthcare specialists need these to carry on with their research or medical needs. If you are a university researcher or a medical specialist, ensure you get such a service from a trusted provider.