I am new to the beauty industry and am always striving to learn more and be better and make better products for my customers. In the two years that I have been researching ingredients, I have never been able to get a comprehensive answer/explanation to the following:
What is the difference between and why should I choose one over the other of:
Aloe Vera Juice (aloe barbadensis leaf juice, citric acid)
Aloe Vera Oil (glycine soya, aloe barbadensis, vitamin E)
Aloe Butter (cocos nucifera, aloe barbadensis)
I understand that because aloe contains so much water, that I will need to use a preservative, so that is not the dilemma. My question is since they basically do the same thing, why does it matter which one I use.
Thank you so much for this site and taking the time to answer this question.
There is a great deal of confusion regarding Aloe products. The number one point of confusion is regarding the viscosity of aloe products. Consumers expect Aloe Juice to look and feel like Aloe Jelly. Many consumers believe that the thick jelly on the market came straight from the plant itself. But in reality the jelly like product is made by adding a thickener. The most common thickening agent is a combination of Carbomer (a.k.a. Carbopol) and TEA (Thiethanolamine), however there a few on the market that use a gum like Xanthan, Guar Gum or Hydroxethyl Cellulose.
The viscosity confusion, I believe, is created by two factors. One being that consumers are most familiar with the clear or green thick Aloe Gel products commonly sold on the market. The front of the label says that it is Aloe Gel and not everyone reads the ingredient list.
The second cause for confusion is that if you ever cut a piece of an aloe leaf, the inside (fillet) appears to be gelatinous and thick. However, the thickness comes from the pulp and fiber that is removed when aloe is processed. Even if the fillet is left intake with the pulp and fiber the required preservation method would thin out the finished product.
In reality, pure Aloe Juice has the same consistency and viscosity as water. Aloe Juice is created by reconstituting freeze dried, cryo-dried, or spray-dried aloe powder with de-ionized water to a single strength equivalency (SSE). Once the Aloe Powder is reconstituted the finished product requires preservatives in order to remain stable. While there is Aloe Juice on the market that is simply pressed, Aloe leaves the resulting juice is unstable and not thick like Aloe Jelly.
There are many different Aloe Powders available on the market today. Each of them is either freeze-dried, cryo-dry or spray dry. It is best to start with an IASC Certified Aloe Powder. IASC Certification is done by the International Aloe Science Council which is a third party verification process that insures purity of aloe products.
I am providing information on the Aloe that I chose to formulate to help you ask good questions regarding the source of the aloe used for aloe juice, butter or oil. The Aloe Vera that I chose to use in formulations is an IASC Certified Aloe Powder. IASC Certification is done by the International Aloe Science Council which is a third party verification process that insures purity of aloe products. The Aloe comes from freshly harvested leaves of the Aloe Vera barbadensis miller variety of aloe. The inner gel (a.k.a. fillet) is carefully removed to minimize disruption of the Aloin layer. The resulting gel is processed to remove the pulp and fiber. The gel is then pasteurized to maintain efficacy and concentrated using low temperature evaporation. The gel concentrate is then freeze dried without the use of matrix, preservatives or any other additives. The finished concentrate allows us to follow an exact formula to reconstitute the aloe to a single strength equivalency (SSE) aloe juice.
Aloe Oil and Aloe Butter are created when the constituents of aloe are extracted into carrier oil. The aloe plant does not naturally create an oil or butter. Using Aloe Oil or Aloe Butter in a formula is a great alternative to Aloe Juice because the butter and oil do not require preservatives. When creating a product that does not have a water phase, formulating with Aloe Oil and Aloe Butter allows aloe to be added simply to your product. Most Aloe Oil is created by extracting aloe into soy bean oil with added vitamin E to enhance the shelf life and antioxidant properties of the finished product. Be aware that there are some Aloe Oil products that contain mineral oil on the market.
There are hundreds of different formulas and processing methods in which aloe is available on the market. It is no wonder that there are many people who believe they are allergic to aloe. In reality they are most likely allergic to an added anti-caking agent, preservative or thicken agents used in different forms of aloe. There are no ingredients on the market today that are 100% hyper allergenic because allergies are complex and varied. With that said it still is more likely that people are allergic to something other than the pure aloe. If you wonder if you are truly allergic to aloe the very best method to determine if aloe is the culprit is to snip off a piece of an aloe leaf and do a patch test.
Whether you chose Aloe Juice, Aloe Butter or Aloe Oil for your formulation is best decided with each new formula. All Aloe products are reconstituted at the same ratio as the others so no matter what form you chose you’re getting the same concentration of aloe.