Cosmetics, whether manufactured in the United States or imported from abroad, must be in compliance with the labeling guidelines of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act (FD&C Act).
Items required on a label are:
– Ingredients are listed in descending order of predominance by their INCI (International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients) name.
– Must state the name of the product and accurate statement of net weight. Solid, semisolid or viscous cosmetics are listed as pound and ounce where liquid measurements are listed as U.S. gallon and the subdivisions of fluid ounce, quart and pint.
– The name and place of the company distributing the cosmetic must be present. If the company is listed in the phone book, the street address may be omitted. If the company distributing the cosmetic is not the manufacturer, it must state “Manufactured for or Distributed by”.
– Cosmetics which may be hazardous when misused must bear a warning label and adequate directions for safe use. Examples of products requiring such statements are cosmetics in aerosol containers, feminine deodorant sprays and bubble bath products for children.
– Labels bearing misleading or false information or not labeled in accordance with the labeling guidelines, may be considered misbranded and may be subject to regulatory action.
For more Cosmetic Labeling Guide information, please visit the FDA website.
You may see a period after opening (PAO) symbol on the label. It symbolizes an open jar, which designates the lifespan of the product in months, after opening. The number of months may be listed out to the right side or on the base of the image.
Manufacturers may also include a logo to indicate the product is certified vegan, organic or cruelty free. Other images you may see:
The Leaping Bunny logo
Caring Consumer (PETA) logo
I hope this helps you determine what is in your bath and beauty products. If you have any questions, please ask.